COBRA - COUNTER BATTERY RADAR - ADVANCED WEAPON LOCATING SYSTEM
Figure 1: FR COBRA System during Life Fire Trials in Canjuers (©FR Armee)
Location of weapon systems, registration and adjustment of friendly firings, creation of battlefield data and communication with battle forces - COBRA is a singularly effective force on the battlefield, performing rapidly and accurately.
COBRA (COunter Battery RAdar) is a cooperative long-range battlefield radar programme between Germany and France. COBRA radar systems are in service since 2005 and deliveries were completed in 2007. An In-Service Support contract with ESG, initiated in 2013 and renewed at the end of 2022, covers all COBRA ISS related activities until the end of 2025. Furthermore, a Service Level Agreement (SLA) with the NATO Support and Procurement Organisation (NSPO) for a range of logistic support services is in place. The OCCAR-EA COBRA Programme Division manages the In-Service Support Phase. Further system improvements including obsolescence rectifications (Mid-Life Update) started in 2019 to extend the life cycle of the systems.
COBRA is considered the world's most advanced land based weapon locating system, comprising a high performance radar, advanced processing and an integrated, flexible command, control and communication system. The design includes state-of-the-art digital processing and an advanced active, solid-state phased array antenna comprising several thousand transmit/receive modules.
The COBRA mission is to locate mortars, rocket launchers and artillery batteries and to provide information for countering their effectiveness. With a detection range up to 100 km COBRA is capable of locating and classifying up to 40 batteries in two minutes. It will also be able to monitor breaches of cease-fire when deployed in a peace-keeping role.
Figure 2: DE COBRA System during military exercise (©Bundeswehr/Maximilian Schulz)
Figure 3: DE COBRA System during military exercise (©Bundeswehr/Maximilian Schulz)
COBRA Technical Information
Single cross-country vehicle chosen by User. No levelling or stabilisation jacks required. Integrated Artillery C3 equipment – automatic reports to higher command.
COBRA INU error is less than 10 metres in 20 kilometres. INU also provides antenna attitude information.
Fully-active phased array; Electronic scanning in azimuth and elevation (phase/phase); 2780 T/R modules containing MMICs
Electronic scan 90°, within available 270°
Agility in waveform and frequency (C-band)
Digital pulse compression / doppler filtering
Clutter map, CFAR and censor map
Target recognition – weapon classification
Battery location, Impact locations, Battery width and orientation
Priority of weapons and area
Rate of acquisition greater than 240 weapons in less than 2 minutes
Detection range is up to 100 km. Detection coverage is 90 degrees out to 100+ kilometres, corresponding to 7800 km².
Shell fragment protection using Aramid Laminat layer
Controlled air temperature with available gas, chemical and particle filtration (NBC).
Diesel generator, 47 kVA